It can be tricky to eat a balanced diet, but if you don’t receive enough vitamins, you may bruise more easily, and it can affect gum health. Two of the most common vitamin deficiencies are vitamins C and K.
Vitamin C Deficiency
Vitamin C is needed for collagen production, helping to repair and maintain connective tissues in the gums. It boosts antioxidant activity, eliminating free radicals and helping to prevent degeneration of tissues which includes blood vessels. A severe deficiency of vitamin C can cause bleeding gums, may lead to blood vessel deterioration and tooth, fingernail and hair loss. Adults usually need between 75 mg and 125 mg daily, but it’s best to check with your GP for their recommendations.
Vitamin K Deficiency
Vitamin K helps coagulation which is essential for healing. Coagulation helps to stop blood flow by forming clots. A deficiency in vitamin K can lead to excessive bruising, nosebleeds, bleeding gums and increased clotting times. The recommended daily allowance for vitamin K is between 90 mg and 120 mg, but again, check with your doctor before taking supplements.